HIV and/or AIDS: Stages of HIV Symptoms

HIV symptoms

For the most part, the symptoms of HIV are the result of infections caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and/or parasites.

Stage 1: Symptoms of early HIV infection

Many people with HIV have no symptoms for several months to even years after becoming infected. Others may develop symptoms similar to flu, usually 2-6 weeks after catching the virus.

The symptoms of early HIV infection may include:

• fever

• chills

• joint pain

• muscle aches

• sore throat

• sweats (particularly at night)

• enlarged glands

• a red rash

• tiredness

• weakness

• unintentional weight loss

Stage 2: Asymptomatic HIV

In many cases, after the initial symptoms disappear, there will not be any further symptoms for many years.

During this time, the virus carries on developing and damaging the immune system and organs. Without being on medications to stop HIV’s replication, this process can take up to 10 years on average. The infected person often experiences no symptoms, feels well, and appears healthy.

Stage 3: Late-stage HIV infection

If left untreated, HIV weakens the ability to fight infection. The person becomes vulnerable to serious illnesses. This stage of infection is known as AIDS.

Symptoms of late-stage HIV infection may include:

• blurred vision

• diarrhea, which is usually persistent or chronic

• dry cough

• fever of above 100 °F (37 °C) lasting for weeks

• night sweats

• permanent tiredness

• shortness of breath (dyspnea)

• swollen glands lasting for weeks

• unintentional weight loss

• white spots on the tongue or mouth

During late-stage HIV infection, the risk of developing a life-threatening illness is much greater. Life-threatening illnesses may be controlled, avoided, and/or treated with proper medications, often including HIV treatment.

HIV and AIDS myths and facts

There are many misconceptions about HIV and AIDS. The virus CANNOT be transmitted from:

• shaking hands

• hugging

• casual kissing

• sneezing

• touching the unbroken skin

• using the same toilet

• sharing towels

• sharing cutlery

• mouth-to-mouth resuscitation

• or other forms of “casual contact”

Diagnosis of HIV and AIDS

The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) estimate that about 1 in every 8 HIV-positive Americans is unaware of their HIV-status.

HIV blood tests and results

Diagnosis is made through a blood test that screens specifically for the virus. If the HIV virus has been found, the test result is “positive.” The blood is re-tested several times before a positive result is given to the patient.

If a person has been exposed to the virus, it is crucial that they get tested as soon as possible. The earlier HIV is detected, the more likely the treatment will be successful. A home testing kit can be used as well.

After infection with HIV, it can take from 3 weeks to 6 months for the virus to show up in testing. Re-testing may be necessary. If the moment a patient was most at risk of infection was within the last 6 months, they can have the test immediately. However, the provider will urge that another test be carried out within a few weeks.


HIV infection can cause AIDS to develop. However, it is possible to be infected with HIV without developing AIDS. Without treatment, the HIV infection can progress and, eventually, it will develop into AIDS in the vast majority of cases. Once someone has received an AIDS diagnosis, it will always carry over with them in their medical history.

Early Symptoms of HIV & AIDS

Based on just symptoms, you can’t tell if you really have HIV. You can find this out if you get tested for HIV. Once you know your status, making healthy decisions will be easier for you. Different people show different symptoms of the disease. Moreover, the symptoms also vary based on the stage of the HIV. Given below is a description of some common symptoms of this disease.

Early Stage of HIV

Typically, 9 out of 10 people with this disease show flu-like symptoms within a few weeks of infection. Some people don’t feel sick at this stage. They have acute HIV infection. Common symptoms include fatigue, mouth ulcers, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, muscle aches, night sweats, chills, rash and fever, just to name a few. If you have these symptoms, chances are that you have HIV. For confirmation, however, we suggest that you contact a good doctor.

Clinical Latency Stage

If left untreated, the patient may move onto the next stage known as the clinical latency stage or chronic HIV infection. At this stage, the disease is active but the reproduction level is very low. The symptoms are also mild.

If you don’t take medicine to treat the disease at this stage, you may move onto the next stage within 10 years or so. In some people, the disease gets worse a lot faster. However, if you get treatment, this stage may last longer since the drugs can control the growth of the virus giving you more time.

Here, it’s important to keep in mind that you can still transmit the disease to people around you at this stage even if you show no symptoms. However, if you are on ART, you are not as likely to get the disease transmitted to others. So, you have to be careful and get the required treatment as soon as possible.

Progression to AIDS

If you don’t take meds for HIV, the virus will make your immune system a lot weaker. As a result, you will get AIDS, which is the last stage of this disease. Below are some symptoms of the disease:

  • Weight loss
  • Night seats or fever
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Inflammation of the lymph glands
  • Prolonged diarrhea
  • Pneumonia
  • Sores of the genitals, anus or mouth
  • Depression, memory loss or neurologic disorders

However, keep in mind that the symptoms listed above are not necessarily the indicators of HIV. They may also be related to other common diseases. Therefore, we suggest that you run some tests in order to find out which disease you have. The tests won’t cost you much and help you know the disease you have.

Most of the severe symptoms of the disease appear because of the opportunistic infection, which is the result of weakened immune system.

So, if you have been experiencing the symptoms listed in this article, we suggest that you get in touch with a doctor for your medical checkup. The doctor will prescribe some tests that can confirm whether you have HIV or not.

HIV and AIDS – The Dreaded Diseases

HIV and AIDS are arguably the most well-known and most feared STDs of today. AIDS, which is better defined as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, is a serious form of sexually transmitted disease that attacks and weakens the immune system. It leaves the body susceptible to diseases that would lead its victims to fatal consequences.

AIDS is a type of immunodeficiency disorder wherein a portion of the components of the immune system becomes missing. It is the final phase of progression of the diseases that have resulted from a viral infection identified as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV or AIDS virus). These diseases bring along some severe and unusual infections, incapacitating illnesses, and some other conditions that affects the central nervous system and the brain. Opportunistic infections affect almost every organ system of people suffering from AIDS. It also increases the risk of developing certain cancers, such as cervical cancers, Kaposi’s sarcoma and lymphomas.

AIDS patients develop different opportunistic infections depending on how widespread such infections are on the area where the patient is located. The HIV virus remains in ones body forever and may remain undetected for several months or years until symptoms of AIDS or HIV appears. As time progresses for many years and even decades, the cells in the immune systems become gradually destroyed that would leave the body unprotected against these opportunistic infections. These parasites, viruses and cancer cells will multiply inside a victim’s body heavily unchallenged. The typical opportunistic infections that struck the body of HIV victims are tuberculosis, yeast infection in vagina, throat, or mouth, pneumocystis cariniipneumonia, cytomegalovirus retinitis and shingles.

AIDS symptoms are mainly the effects of conditions that normally don’t manifest on people having healthy immune systems. Often times these are systemic symptoms of an infection, such as heavy sweats mainly during night time, fevers, chills, swollen glands, weaknesses and loss of weight.

Currently, AIDS or HIV infection doesn’t have any cure or vaccine. There are however new medications being develop that can control the virus and slow down the progress of the infection. This would significantly restore the function of the victim’s immune system and allow them to live a normal and healthy life.

There’s no better way to manage the effects of HIV and AIDS than early detection. And this early detection can be best availed in confidential STD clinics. These types of clinics offer credible testing procedures for AIDS and other forms of STDS with 100% confidentiality guaranteed. There’s basically no need for you to worry about schedule as you may book the test on any date you want. There won’t be much of a hustle also on waiting for the test results as you may immediately get them after 72 hours. The clinics are fully equipped with state-of-the-art facilities combined with highly skilled personnel. So what are you waiting for, you better get tested now before it’s too late.

HIV and AIDS-these diseases remain highly deadly and untreatable until today. Learn more about these diseases and discover more ways to prevent and manage them.

Discussing the HIV and AIDs Health Condition

Do you have HIV? Like most adults, you could be HIV positive without knowing. Human Immunodeficiency Virus is one of the deadliest viruses. When HIV enters the body for the first time, it may not cause symptoms. Some people do not know they have it until the sixth week of being infected. Within six weeks of infection, most sufferers get an illness (seroconversion illness) that lasts for about fourteen days. During their illness, people get a body rash, fever or sore throat.

They usually get at least two symptoms during this short illness. After it ends, the sufferer can stay healthy for a number of years. But the Human Immunodeficiency Virus will start to damage their immune system while showing no signs. It normally destroys the CD4 or T-cells that the immune system requires to fight diseases. If a person does not get a HIV test at the nearest testing centre, the virus may cause AIDs. Everyone that does not abstain from intercourse should take the test often and use protection.

The HIV test kit can take away the shame and fear that prevents most adults from getting tested. It is sold directly to the customer on the internet. It can make the user aware of their status and enable them start their treatment as soon as possible. Resuming our discussion about AIDs, it represents Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome. The term syndrome means that AIDs is a variety of diseases caused by a virus that people pick up themselves. And when the virus enters their body, it starts to weaken their immune system.

The terms HIV and AIDs do not have a similar meaning. If one does not have the Human Immunodeficiency Virus in their blood, they cannot get an AIDs diagnosis. On the other hand, a person who is already HIV positive can get AIDs if their status is known too late. In the past, drugs that were used for HIV treatment were not as effective as the drugs we have today. Many people would get AIDs even as they received treatment.

Today many people do not get Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome because there are effective anti-HIV drugs. This has made most doctors use the terms advanced HIV disease, HIV infection or last-stage HIV infection more often than they do the term AIDs. There are more deaths from diseases like diabetes and cancers now than deaths from HIV and AIDs. The disease has become so manageable that people who have it are no longer emaciated, depressed and stigmatized.

It has become easier to live with this disease now than it was a few decades back. But there is one thing that every person who is having intercourse must do. They have to get a HIV test kit and test themselves at home. Going to the hospital for a test has become outdated these days, as people want to test for a STD in privacy. The testing kits have eliminated the discomfort and fear of embarrassment that people endured in the past.