Living With HPV: How To Take Good Care Of Yourself

HPV is a DNA virus that comes from the papillomavirus family. The term papilloma refers to the wart that results when you are infected with HPV. HPV lives in the body’s epithelial cells. Some of the excellent examples of epithelial cells are the ones found on the surface of the anus, vulva, penis head, mouth and throat.

The virus is mainly spread via sexual contact. You should note that although a condom aids in protecting you from getting the virus, you should ensure that you use the condom properly.

This means that you should ensure that all the skin is covered by the condom before you have sex. You should also ensure that the condom does not break during a sexual act.

You should note that the virus has no cure; therefore, you should take care and ensure that you don’t get the virus.

Some of the best ways of protecting yourself from getting the virus are: through vaccination and using a condom every time you have sex. You should also avoid having sex with more than one partner.

Having the virus does not mean the end for you. Once you know that you have the virus you need to take good care of yourself.

By taking good care of yourself you can easily help your body fight the virus. Some of the best ways of taking good care of yourself are: making healthy choices, visiting a healthcare provider and considering your needs.

Making healthy choices

The best healthy choice that you need to make is to eat a nutritious diet. Here you need to eat foods that are rich in beta-carotene and folic acid. Some of the best beta-carotene foods that you can eat are: tomatoes, collard greens, and squash.

Some of the best foods that contain a lot of folic acid are: whole grains, broccoli, and beans.

You also need to stop smoking. This is because smoking tends to weaken the immune system. Smoking has also been shown to increase ones risk to different cancers such as cervical cancer in women.

Another healthy choice that you should make is to get plenty of sleep every night. It’s recommended that you get at least eight hours of sleep every night. This is because by resting you ensure that your immune system is better equipped to fight HPV.

Visiting your healthcare provider

Health care providers are the ones who have the skills and knowledge to manage your condition; therefore, you should regularly visit them. For example, you should regularly visit your doctor for PAP smear tests.

Genital warts are usually problematic to treat. This means that you can treat them with a number of medications and fail to respond.

This means that you need to make several trips to the doctor so that he/she can take a look at your condition and if the condition is not responding to the prescribed medications he/she can go ahead and prescribe others.

Even after the warts have cleared you need to schedule follow-up visits to the doctor to see if there are any complications. Doctors recommend that you should also perform self-examinations between the doctor visits and if you notice anything wrong you should visit your doctor immediately.

Considering your needs

One great way of taking good care of yourself is considering your condition. For example, if you are pregnant you need to know that you need special medication for your condition.

You also need to know that you need to live a lifestyle that is different from other people who are not pregnant.

You also need to know that if you have low immunity you are prone to more frequent outbreaks; therefore, you need to stay away from situations that might provoke the outbreaks from coming up.

The Consequences for Not Practicing Safe Sex

Sexually transmitted disease or STD has been an on going battle in every country. The consequences for not practicing safe sex are serious. Teen pregnancy, AIDS, and other life problems can happen if people are not aware of the benefits of safe sex. As they say, abstinence is the key to lowering your chances of having these problems including STD.

To protect yourself from STD, you should know how to spot a person with one. Go to counselling groups to learn how to determine which person has an STD or not. Never allow your health to be compromised.

STD is passed on from people to people. This also means that you expose yourself to STD if your partner has had sex with someone infected before and remains unprotected. It is not a safe thought that knowing your partner has had limited experience that ultimately means he is safe.

One of the most important aspects in safe sex is honesty. You need to be honest with your partner and vice versa. If you have just found out that your partner has had STD before, ask if he has treated it and was the disease cured.

Talk to your partner about having both of you checked out for such diseases. If your partner shows disinterest or refuses to take the test then you must think for yourself and what your partner has in mind when it comes to STD.

Condoms are the most common choice for STD prevention. They can be bought at local drugstores or at the counter of most grocery stores. Condoms have been discovered to prevent 99 percent of unwanted diseases and pregnancies.

Be wary of the signs and symptoms of each sexually transmitted disease. If you find yourself having painful urination or having an itchy feel between the thighs then you might want to go to your doctor and have it checked.

Be more involved when it comes to safe sex awareness especially with regards to AIDS and HIV. Both are very prevalent these days and both are serious dangers to your health.

Why STD Testing Is So Important

Most of us strive to meet that one special and all-important person that we can fall in love with and happily spend the rest of lives with. This is a fact for many of us, but it does not negate the reality that we all have pasts. Our pasts have more times that not included some form of sexual activity. To meet this one special person we long for, and to begin this relationship correctly, one should be honest and responsible. It is for this reason, amongst many others, that it is important for us to receive STD testing.

There is no way that we could hope to be loved and trusted by that person we long to meet if-when we do-we carelessly infect them with a sexually transmitted disease. It is not fair to think that at the beginning stages of a new relationship we should be forgiven for doing something as harmful harmful as giving them an STD. You wouldn't want it done to you and you should know that it is easily avoidable by making an appointment with a board-certified specialist and getting your STD testing completed. Simply stated, doing this is very important for your future relationships-and your future health.

STDs are notorious lingerers, meaning that once infected there is the strong possibility that you will not experience the symptoms that can alert you to the dangers that exist. They hibernate and sit and wait, building inside you until you become very sick and you have passed the diseases onto others-most likely the last person in the world you would want to do this type of thing to. This is why STD testing should be part of everyone's general health care.

Getting a full panel of STD tests is painless and easier than you could imagine. One should do the research necessary and book their appointment as soon as possible. After all, you never know when that special person will enter your life. Receiving regular STD testing assures you that whenever you meet your soul mate you will be healthy enough to embark on your new relationship with the full confidence that you will never harm your significant other through the neglecting of your health.

Hepatitis and Sexually Transmitted Diseases Explained

WHAT IS VIRAL HEPATITIS?

Viral Hepatitis: This is the inflammation and necrosis of the liver caused by a virus or group of viruses.

There are other types of hepatitis including hepatotoxic and drugs related hepatitis and alcoholic hepatitis.

Types of Viral Hepatitis

There are many types of viral hepatitis

Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E and G e.t.c

HEPATITIS B: It is caused by the Hepatitis B virus. A DNA hepadna virus with a partially double-stranded DNA genome.

HEPATITIS C: This is a serious and often-silent liver infection caused by the Hepatitis C virus – a single stranded RNA virus.At least six major genotypes have been identified.

MODE OF TRANSMISSION

Hepatitis B and C viruses are transmitted by contacts with infected blood or blood products

For example, via contaminated needles (including unsterilized tattoo needles), accidental needle-sticks in healthcare workers, and unprotected sex, sharing nailclippers, razors, or toothbrushes

-Unscreened Blood Transfusions.

OTHER MODES OF TRANSMISSION

It can also be present in saliva, semen and vaginal secretions and through HbsAg positive mothers to child (maternal-neonatal transmission). Hepatitis B is prevalent in homosexuals and intravenous drug users but most cases result from heterosexual transmission. The incubation period of hepatitis B is 6 weeks to 6 months (average of 12 – 14 weeks). That of Hepatitis C is between 6-7 weeks and clinical illness is often mild, usually asymptomatic.

Signs and Symptoms

Hepatitis C has been called “the silent killer” because the virus often hides in the body for years, escaping detection as it attacks the liver. Since most people don’t have warning signs of hepatitis C (or don’t know how or when they were infected).

They don’t seek treatment until many years later. By the time hepatitis C symptoms appear or a diagnosis is made, the damage often is well underway.

If symptoms do appear, they may be mild or severe. Among the most common complaints are:

Fatigue

Fever

Muscle or joint pain

Poor appetite

Nausea

Pain in the upper right part of the abdomen

Dark yellow urine

Vomiting

Yellowish skin or eyes (jaundice)

Itchy skin

Pale stools, easy bleeding, easy bruising.

Yellow Eyes: A Symptom

Acute and Chronic Hepatitis

ACUTE HEPATITIS as the name implies means the illness is sudden and short-lived, occurring within the first two weeks to six months of infection.

In up to 25% of cases, the virus clears from the body on its own without treatment.

CHRONIC HEPATITIS:

For hepatitis to change from an Acute state to Chronic, there should be persistent infection after six months and often much longer.

An estimated 75% to 85% of people with acute hepatitis go on to develop chronic infection.

Diagnosis of Hepatitis

Unless symptoms arise, people with hepatitis C usually don’t know they have the infection until it’s discovered during routine blood testing.

Simple blood test can tell if one is infected or not.

The routine tests include:

Tests for HbsAg

Tests for Anti-HCV.

Further tests and assays are proceeded for individuals who test positive to the above tests.

THE COMPLICATIONS OF CHRONIC HEPATITIS

As many as one in four people with chronic hepatitis C go on to develop cirrhosis, or severe scarring of the liver.

These people may have additional symptoms, including swelling of the legs and abdomen, spider-like blood vessels, and a buildup of toxins in the bloodstream that can lead to brain damage.

Persons with chronic hepatitis B, particularly when HBV infection is acquired early in life and viral replication persists, are at substantial risk of having cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.

Chronic hepatitis C is also one of the leading causes of liver cancer.

TREATMENTS

Treatments have vastly improved over the years. Today’s medications are more effective at ridding the body of the virus, and they have fewer side effects.

The type of treatment you receive will depend on the genotype, or strain, of your hepatitis, as well as how much damage the liver has sustained.

TREATMENT OF HEPATITIS B

The goal of treating chronic hepatitis B is to control the virus and keep it from damaging the liver. This begins with regular monitoring for signs of liver disease.

Antiviral medications may help, but not everyone can take them.

TREATMENTS: CHRONIC HEPATITIS C

Medications

Some of the newest medicines for hepatitis C genotypes 1, 2, and 3 include: Daclatasvir (Daklinza); Elbasvir/grazoprevir (Zepatier); Ledipasvir (Harvoni); Ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir with dasabuvir tablets (Viekira Pak); Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (Epclusa); Sofosbuvir (Sovaldi); Daclatasvir (Daklinza) with sofosbuvir (Sovaldi); and Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (Epclusa).

Injectibles

PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF HEPATITIS B

The hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for all infants at birth and for adults

PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF HEPATITIS C

Currently, there is no vaccine for Hepatitis C.

Avoid any contacts with body fluids by protecting yourself using protective measures.

FACTS ABOUT STDs

Chlamydia:This is a common STD that can lead to infertility if left untreated. It clears up quickly with antibiotics. But it often goes unnoticed because symptoms are vague or absent.

Women with symptoms may notice

– An abnormal vaginal discharge;

– A painful urinating.

Symptoms in men can include:

A discharge from their

penis;

A burning sensation when

urinating; (dysuria)

Pain and swelling in one

or both testicles

Can chlamydia be cured?

Yes, chlamydia can be cured with the right treatment. When taken properly it will stop the infection and could decrease your chances of having complications later on.

GONORRHEA

Gonorrhea spreads easily and can lead to infertility in both men and women.

Antibiotics can stop the infection.

– Burning during urination and discharge.

– Later, the infection may cause skin rashes or spread to the joints and blood.

In Men: Discharge from the penis, swollen testicles.

In Women: Vaginal discharge, pelvic pain, spotting. Symptoms may be mild and are easily confused with a urinary tract or vaginal infection.

SYPHILIS

Most people don’t notice the early symptoms of syphilis. Without treatment, it can lead to paralysis, blindness, and death.

Syphilis can be cured with antibiotics.

Signs and Symptoms: The first sign is usually a firm, round, painless sore on the genitals or anus. The disease spreads through direct contact with this sore.

Later, there may be a rash on the soles, palms, or other parts of the body, as well as swollen glands, fever, hair loss, or fatigue. In the late stage, damage to organs such as the heart, brain, liver, nerves, and eyes occurs.

Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2

Most cases of genital herpes are caused by a virus called HSV-2. It’s highly contagious and can spread through intercourse or direct contact with a herpes sore.

There is no cure. But antiviral drugs can make outbreaks less frequent and help clear up symptoms more quickly.

Symptoms: Fluid-filled blisters that form painful, crusted sores on the genitals, anus, thighs, or buttocks. Can spread to the lips through oral contact.

HIV/AIDS

The HIV virus weakens the body’s defense against infections. HIV spreads through unprotected sex, needle sharing, or being born to an infected mother. It may cause no symptoms for years, so a blood test is the best way to learn your status.

Timely treatment is important to help prevent serious illnesses. Many have no symptoms, but some people get temporary flu-like symptoms one to two months after infection: swollen glands (seen here), a fever, headaches, and fatigue. Canker sores in the mouth can occur, too.

TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR HIV

While there is no cure for HIV, there are medications that can suppress the amount of virus multiplying inside the body. People take a combination of antiviral drugs in hopes of preventing the infection from advancing to AIDS.

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite that spreads during sexual contact. It can be cured with prescription drugs.

Signs and Symptoms in Men: Most men have no obvious symptoms. Some develop a mild discharge or slight burning during urination.

Signs and Symptoms in Women: Women may develop a yellow-green discharge with a strong odor, vaginal itching, or pain during sex or urination. Symptoms usually begin five to 28 days after acquiring the parasite.

COMPLICATIONS OF STDs

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a serious complication of untreated STDs, especially chlamydia and gonorrhea.

It happens when bacteria spread to infect the uterus and other female reproductive organs. Prompt treatment is essential to prevent damage to a woman’s fertility.

Signs and Symptoms: Lower abdominal pain, fever, unusual discharge, painful intercourse, painful urination, and spotting. However, there are often no warning signs.

Who’s at Risk for STDs?

Anyone who is sexually active is at risk for an STD, regardless of gender, race, social class, or sexual orientation.

That said, teenagers and young adults acquire STDs more easily than older people.

Can Virgins Get STDs?

Yes, they can. Many STDs spread through any type of sexual activity, including skin-to-skin contact and oral sex. This is especially true of STDs that produce genital lesions or sores.

Preventing STDs

The best ways to avoid getting an STD are to abstain from any sexual contact.

Do not share sharps and needles.

Avoid the use of unsterilised objects.

Make hyiene a priority.